This would be a followup to gaming the comp. sci. exams, but now in more general terms. More specifically, I just came across a 1994 Calvin and Hobbes strip (ch940127) on this exact subject.
As you can see, I’ve memorized this utterly useless fact long enough to pass a test question. I now intend to forget it forever. You’ve taught me nothing except how to cynically manipulate the system. Congratulations.
It seems we have not made much progress in the last 12 years. Students are still taught to mostly memorize, not think. Perhaps md makes a good point:
Not teaching people to think is unfortunately a key requirement for maintaining the social structure that is currently in place. As such it’s not likely to change.
I guess it’s down to an individual teacher, and even students themselves, to take initiative and be responsible for the quality of their education. In my experience, curriculum has always left more to be desired.